One of the most ancient Bukhara architectural monuments – the Samanid mausoleum – was erected on a vast territory, which in past centuries served as a burial place for the dead. According to historical information, the mausoleum appeared at the end of the 10th century on the territory of the cemetery. Its construction was led by Ismail Samani, the founder of a famous dynasty that occupied the throne for more than a century, from 875 to 999. It was the last Persian dynasty to rule in Central Asia. It is interesting that it was the reign of the Samanids that is considered the heyday of the economic and cultural activities of the state.